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This paper proposes a low-price but oblique method for occupancy detection and occupant counting goal in present and future automotive methods. It might serve as both a approach to determine the number of occupants riding inside a automobile or a technique to complement the other gadgets in figuring out the occupancy. The proposed method is useful for varied mobility purposes together with automotive rental, fleet administration, taxi, automotive sharing, occupancy in autonomous automobiles, and many others. It makes use of current on-board motion sensor measurements, corresponding to those used in the car stability management operate, along with door open and closed status. The vehicle’s motion signature in response to an occupant’s boarding and alighting is first extracted from the motion sensors that measure the responses of the car physique. Then the weights of the occupants are estimated by fitting the vehicle responses with a transient car dynamics mannequin. This two stage strategy is further used to determine what number of occupants are staying within the automotive. The effectiveness of the proposed approaches has been verified in automobile checks through a wide range of occupancy configurations.

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